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WP1 - Methodology to evaluate the benefits of risk prevention

Abstracts

D-1-1: Review of the existing EU, national and international policies in the field of risk prevention 
 This report reviews the existing EU, national and international policies in the field of prevention. The objective is to provide an overview of prevention-related EU policies and legislation, taking into particular account the water related disasters and the Floods Directive targets and transnational issues. As an example, the national and regional legal framework for Italy is presented, as one of the transnational case studies of KULTURisk is shared between Italy and Slovenia. This review will also take into consideration the key elements in the wider European water policy that may contribute to exposure to natural hazard. Specific aspects concerned with warning systems, risk mapping, land planning, risk transfer, and risk communication are presented in the respective deliverables.

D-1-2: Review of existing risk assessment and management methodologies
Natural hazards are one the most serious causes of accidental death in Europe in the last decade, causing several billions of euro of damages. Climate change and inappropriate land‐use management are going to increase more this impact which further underlines the needs to reduce harmful consequences. In this context risk assessment and management are the fundamental steps in redefining current natural hazards, prone risk areas and reducing them in future phenomena at the Community level. This level of change when applied through appropriate prevention and protection measures can increase the utility of relating techniques. The main purpose of the present document is to describe the state of the art of the currently available risk assessment and management methodologies for natural hazards and in particular for those related to water. Policy guidelines and professional papers are surveyed. Based on the results of this review, some conclusions are drawn to support further developments in this research field.

D-1-3: Development of a strategy to evaluate risk perception of water-related natural hazards
In the last decade Europe has suffered from a number of natural disasters, which are one the most serious causes of death and several billions of euro of damages. Due to this trend, there is a growing need to investigate alternative approaches to post-disaster recovery and utilize preventive measures to better lowering related impacts. More importantly, in order to enhance local preparedness against water related disasters, it is crucial to enlarge the appraisal of risk management by integrating social levels of expertise. In order to fulfil a more effective bottom-up approach and enhanced participation from stakeholders, the utilization of a social dimension plays an important role in integrating risk perception into a risk assessment framework. For these reasons, the main purpose of this deliverable is to describe the state of the art of the currently available methodology to evaluate risk perception and how to integrate it in the framework of risk assessment and management of water-related hazards. current natural hazards, prone risk areas and reducing them in future phenomena at the Community level. This level of change when applied through appropriate prevention and protection measures can increase the utility of relating techniques. The main purpose of the present document is to describe the state of the art of the currently available risk assessment and management methodologies for natural hazards and in particular for those related to water. Policy guidelines and professional papers are surveyed. Based on the results of this review, some conclusions are drawn to support further developments in this research field.

D-1-4: Review of the economic costing methodologies and conceptualizations of loss-damages
The rising costs of disasters caused by floods and landslides make it a high priority to improve the quality and the reliability of the assessment exercises, so as to inform risk prevention policies. The concept of total cost is much more ambitious than what has been traditionally provided, because it aims at describing the total burden imposed by a disaster to a socio-ecosystem. The true costs of disasters include costs (and benefits) which are difficult to identify and quantify. It comprises all direct, indirect, tangible and intangible costs. Apart from direct and tangible costs, the remaining cost elements have been largely neglected in the field of economics of natural disasters. This report builds on these categories of costs presenting specific examples for the hydrological disasters. A brief review of economic valuation methodologies and project appraisal methods is also provided. Given that the full estimation of the total costs might turn challenging and controversial, we propose alternative options to traditional cost-benefit analysis for processing the retrievable information, including non-monetary impacts. 

D-1-5: Risk prevention policy framework in the considered case studies
This report reviews the legislative, policy and institutional framework in the KULTURisk case studies concerning water management, flood prevention and risk governance issues. It identifies for each case study the competent authorities for water management and flood protection and the relevant stakeholders of each catchment. Transboundary issues are also taken into consideration in the international river basins.

D-1-6: The KULTURisk Framework (KR-FWK): A conceptual framework for comprehensive assessment of risk prevention measures
A conceptual framework integrating different disciplines is described in order to provide the basis for the development of a methodology to comprehensively evaluate the benefits of risk prevention. Two main innovations are proposed with regards to the state of the art: (1), to define a measure of risk that goes beyond the direct tangible costs and (2) to include the social capacities of reducing risk.

D-1-7: Development of a risk assessment methodology to estimate risk levels
The KULTURisk methodology for evaluating the benefits of risk prevention of water-related natural hazards is presented in order to provide a guideline for its application to different case studies. It is called KULTURisk methodology and comprises three tiers of analysis: 1) the Regional Risk Assessment which provides a physical/environmental risk assessment; 2) the Social assessment aims at considering the benefits of the human dimension of vulnerability; and 3) the Economic assessment which provides an economic evaluation of costs and benefits of different prevention measures.
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Review of the existing EU, national and international policies in the field of risk prevention - Revised 2013  660k v. 1 18 Apr 2013, 06:05 Leonardo Alfonso
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Review of existing risk assessment and management methodologies  1802k v. 3 5 Dec 2011, 02:34 KULTURisk kulturisk
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Review of the economic costing methodologies and conceptualizations of loss-damages  599k v. 1 5 Dec 2011, 02:36 KULTURisk kulturisk
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Conceptual framework for comprehensive assessment of risk prevention measures: The KULTURisk Framework (KR-FWK)  4130k v. 1 16 Jan 2013, 00:38 Leonardo Alfonso
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Development of a risk assessment methodology to estimate risk levels  3457k v. 2 4 Mar 2013, 01:19 Leonardo Alfonso
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